Gender Factsheet

This factsheet provides data broken down by sex for residents of the City of Whitehorse.

Age
 

Figure 1 Age structure by sex
Figure 1: Age structure by sex

Current official population estimates show that females in Whitehorse comprise 52 per cent of the population and males comprise 48 per cent.  Across the age groups for females and males, there are higher proportions of females compared with males in the older years.  This pattern in respective age distributions reflects the longer life expectancies of women and is consistent with Victorian and Australian trends.

Non-English Speaking Countries of Birth

Figure 2 depicts the top ten non-English speaking countries of birth in Whitehorse by gender.  A higher proportion of females are from China, Malaysia, Vietnam and Greece (marginally).  Females born in Greece and Italy are an older group, with relatively high proportions (90 per cent) aged 55 years or more.  The largest proportion of females born in China, Malaysia, India, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, South Korea and the Philippines are aged 24-44 years.

Figure 2 Top ten non-English speaking countries of birth by sex
Figure 2: Top ten non-English speaking countries of birth by sex

Language Proficiency 

Figure 3 Persons who speak English not well or not at all by Language other than English
Figure 3: Persons who speak English not well or not at all by Language other than English

Females who speak languages other than English at home are generally less proficient in spoken English than their male counterparts.  The languages for which this pattern is most striking are Vietnamese and Korean.  In 2016, 26.2 per cent of females who spoke Vietnamese at home spoke English either ‘not well’ or ‘not at all’, compared with 18.8 per cent for males; and 29 per cent of females speaking Korean spoke English either ‘not well’ or ‘not at all’, compared with 24.1 per cent of males.  This pattern is also evident across the Chinese languages, which are spoken by 19.2 per cent of the Whitehorse community.

Lone Person Households 

There are 13,931 lone-person households in Whitehorse, of which 62.3 per cent are female occupied.  Females in lone-person households have an older age profile than their male counterparts, with higher proportions aged 65 plus years.  This pattern is consistent with Greater Melbourne and the other local government areas of the Eastern Metropolitan Region.

Figure 4 Lone person households by age and gender
Figure 4: Lone person households by age and gender

Lone Parent Households 

There are 5,766 lone parent households in Whitehorse, of which 81.7 per cent have a female head.  Females heading lone-parent households have a younger age profile than their male counterparts, with higher proportions aged less than 45 years.  This pattern is consistent with Greater Melbourne and the other local government areas of the Eastern Metropolitan Region.  Lone parent families are more likely to experience socio-economic disadvantage and be exposed to risks of poorer health and wellbeing.

Figure 5 Lone parent households by sex
Figure 5: Lone parent households by sex

Level of Educational Attainment 

In Whitehorse, females are more likely than males to have achieved a graduate diploma/certificate, bachelor degree, and advanced diploma/diploma as their highest level of education.  Males are more likely than females to have achieved a postgraduate degree or a certificate as their highest level of education.

Table 1: Highest level of qualification by sex, 2016
Highest Level of Qualification Females Males
Postgraduate Degree 8.2% 9.7%
Grad Dip, Grad Cert 4.1% 2.7%
Bachelor Degree 24.2% 22.8%
Advanced Dip, Diploma 10.6% 9.7%
Certificate 7.8% 14.6%
Inadequately described 1.0% 0.8%
Not stated 6.6% 5.9%

Individual Income 

In Whitehorse, females are more represented in lower weekly income brackets and males are more represented in higher weekly income brackets.  This difference in individual incomes has far-reaching consequences for women over their lifetime, particularly given their longer life expectancies.  Women often reach later years in life with far less savings and smaller amounts of superannuation than men.

Figure 6 Individual weekly income by sex
Figure 6: Individual weekly income by sex

Occupations and Industries 

In Australia, occupations and industries are highly segregated along gender lines, with certain jobs (such as community services work) and industries (such as the education and training sector) dominated by women.

Working females in Whitehorse are more represented than males in occupations such as professional, community and personal services, clerical and administrative, and sales.  Males are more represented than females in occupations such as managers, technicians and trades, machinery operators/drivers, and labourers.

Working females in Whitehorse are more represented than males in industries such as education and training, and health care and social assistance, and retail.  Males are more represented than females in industries such as manufacturing, construction, wholesale trade, transport/postal/warehousing, information/media/ telecommunications, and professional, scientific and technical services.

Table 2: Occupation by sex, 2016
Occupation Females Males
Managers 10.5% 17.1%
Professionals 34.1% 29.6%
Technicians and trades 3.8% 16.1%
Community and personal services 13.5% 6.1%
Clerical and administrative 20.3% 7.9%
Sales 11.3% 8.4%
Machinery operators/drivers 0.8% 4.8%
Labourers 4.4% 8.3%
Not stated 0.6% 0.8%

Unpaid Domestic Work 

In Whitehorse males are more likely than females to spend less than 30 hours each week on unpaid domestic work.  Males are more likely than females to do no unpaid domestic work during the week.  Females are also much more likely than males to spend 30 hours our more on unpaid domestic work each week.

Figure 7 Unpaid domestic work by sex
Figure 7: Unpaid domestic work by sex

Assistance to a Person with a Disability 

In Whitehorse, females are more likely than males to provide help to a family member and/or other person with a long-term disability/illness over a fortnightly period.  Males are more likely than females not to provide such assistance over a fortnight period.
 

Table 3: Assistance to persons with a disability by sex of caregiver, City of Whitehorse, 2016
Over a Fortnight Females Males
Assistance given 13.4% 9.9%
Assistance not given 80.6% 84.4%
Not stated 6.0% 5.7%

Care of Dependent Children

In Whitehorse, females are more likely than males to provide care to dependent children over a fortnight period.  Males are more likely than females not to provide such care over a fortnight period.

Table 4: Care of dependent children by gender of caregiver, City of Whitehorse, 2016
Over a Fortnight Females Males
Care given 30.4% 25.0%
Care not given 64.1% 69.7%
Not stated 5.5% 5.3%
Total 70,660 64,170

Links 

For more information about gender refer to: