Demographic Snapshot

This fact sheet provides information about the residents of the City of Whitehorse.


On 30 June 2020, the Estimated Residential Population in Whitehorse was 180,735.

Figure 1 Age Structure
Figure 1: Age Structure

Did You Know?

Each year on 30 June the Australian Bureau of Statistics produces the ‘Estimated Residential Population’ (ERP).  This adjusts the Census population figure to include those missed on census night, including those overseas and also takes account of births and deaths occurring between 30 June and census night (usually early August).

In 2016:

  • The median age was 38 years.  In Greater Melbourne, this figure was 36.
  • Twenty-two per cent of residents were aged 60 plus; this compares with 19 per cent for Greater Melbourne.
  • The proportion of residents in Whitehorse aged 60 plus was largely stable between 2011 and 2016.
  • Nine per cent of residents are aged 75 years and over.  This compares with 6 per cent for Greater Melbourne and 7 per cent for Victoria.
  • Whitehorse has more residents aged 20-24 than Greater Melbourne.
  • The biggest growth between 2011 and 2016 in Whitehorse was in the 30-34 age group, which experienced an 18.6 per cent increase. This was followed by growth in the 25-29 year age group (13.5%).
  • Box Hill and Burwood (suburbs) have larger concentrations of residents aged 20-29 (28.5 per cent and 30.7 per cent respectively compared with 15.3 per cent for the municipality).
  • Twenty per cent of the population are aged under 18 years.


Figure 2 Age Structure by Gender
Figure 2: Age Structure by Gender

In 2016:

  • Fifty-two per cent of the population were female.
  • There were more males than females in all of the five year age increments under 35 years.  There are more than 600 more males aged 20-24 than females in the municipality.
  • For every five year age increment from 40 there are more females than males.  This is particularly so for the older age groups; there are 71 per cent more women than there are men aged 85 plus.


Figure 3 Top Ten Overseas Countries of Birth
Figure 3: Top Ten Overseas Countries of Birth

In 2016:

  • A total of 11.5 per cent of all residents were born in China.  This represents an increase of 68.6 per cent on 2011 (at 7.3 per cent).  In 2006 the Chinese population was 4.0 per cent.
  • The United Kingdom decreased in proportion from 3.5 per cent in 2011 to 3.0 per cent in 2016, along with India for equal second most common country of birth at 3 per cent.
  • Across Australia, the United Kingdom was the leading overseas country of birth, followed by New Zealand, China, India and the Philippines.
  • In Box Hill more than a quarter of residents were born in China (28.2 per cent).


In 2016, there were 60,431 households in Whitehorse.  Figure 4 depicts these by type.

Figure 4 Household Type
Figure 4: Household Type

In 2016:

  • The most commonly occurring household type comprises couples with dependents (34.5 per cent).
  • Nearly one quarter of households comprised of couples with no children (23.0 per cent) and lone person households (23.1 per cent).
  • The average household has 2.6 people, slightly smaller than for Greater Melbourne at 2.7.


Figure 5 Weekly Household Income
Figure 5: Weekly Household Income

In 2016:

  • Whitehorse had a slightly higher proportion of low income households relative to Greater Melbourne, with 8.9 per cent of households earning less than $400 per week, compared with 7.5 per cent.
  • Whitehorse had a higher proportion of high income households relative to Greater Melbourne, with 17.6 per cent of households earning more than $3,000 per week, compared with 16.0 per cent.
  • The median weekly household income is $1,507.  For Greater Melbourne this is $1,542.


Figure 6 People Attending Education Institutions by Type
Figure 6: People Attending Education Institutions by Type

In 2016, 27.8 per cent of people in Whitehorse were attending an education institution.  A total of 7.7 per cent were in primary school and 6.6 per cent were in secondary school.  Significantly 10.7 per cent attended a tertiary or technical institution, which is higher than Greater Melbourne (at 8.2 per cent) and Victoria (7.2 per cent).

Indigenous Population

According to the 2016 Census, 358 persons or approximately 0.2 per cent of the population in the City of Whitehorse identify as Indigenous.  This compares with 0.5 per cent for Melbourne, 0.8 per cent for Victoria and 2.8 per cent for Australia.

It is important to note that often there is underreporting of the number of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in the community.


For more information about demographics please refer to: