Housing Factsheet

This page provides statistical information on housing in the City of Whitehorse.

Median House Prices 

In 2019 the median house price in Whitehorse was $1,100,000.  This is considerably higher than the equivalent for the Melbourne Metropolitan area ($720,000).  Whitehorse has the 10th highest median house price of the 79 local governments in Victoria.

The median house price in the municipality has decreased over the past 12 months (see Table 1), consistent with metropolitan Melbourne.

Table 1: Median House Prices in Whitehorse and Metropolitan Melbourne
Year Whitehorse Metropolitan Melbourne
2010 $851,551 $593,355
2011 $782,769 $571,711
2012 $740,720 $552,691
2013 $806,431 $578,406
2014 $900,813 $603,436
2015 $1,101,265 $641,514
2016 $1,147,766 $676,709
2017 $1,290,788 $745,581
2018 $1,168,524 $754,460
2019 $1,110,000 $720,000

Source: Department of Environment, Land, Water & Planning (2021), ‘Annual Property Sales’, viewed April 2021
NB: All values have been adjusted to 2019 dollars as at June 2019.

Housing Tenure 

A total of 35.7 per cent of households in Whitehorse own their own home.  This is considerably higher than Greater Melbourne at 29 per cent. Such elevated level of home ownership means there are fewer households renting or purchasing homes.

However, numbers of households owning their own homes have fallen since the 2006 Census, continuing a trend both in Whitehorse and Greater Melbourne.  The number of people purchasing homes has fallen slightly, but there has been a continuing rise in the number of people entering the rental market.  This is significant as it means an increase in the number of households susceptible to housing stress.

Figure 1 Housing Tenure
Figure 1: Housing Tenure
Affordable Housing
Find out more about housing and accommodation in the City of Whitehorse

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Census of Population and Housing

Median Rents

Median rents have remained relatively stable across Metropolitan Melbourne over the past 12 months.  Table 2 outlines the median rents for municipalities across the Eastern Metropolitan Region (EMR).  In the 12 months to December 2020, Whitehorse experienced a decreased in median rents for almost all property types. The biggest decrease in rent in Whitehorse occurred in 1 bedroom flats (8.3 per cent), followed by 2 bedroom flats (7 per cent).  The cost of renting a two bedroom house did not change across the same period, and it was just as expensive to rent a 2 bedroom house as a 2 bedroom flat.  2 bedroom flats comprise the largest number of rental properties in Whitehorse (37.3 per cent of total rentals).

Table 2: Median Rents for the Eastern Metropolitan Region local government areas, by major property type
LGA 1 bedroom flat 2 bedroom flat 2 bedroom house 3 bedroom house
Boroondara $330 $420 $500 $600
Knox $330 $380 $380 $415
Manningham $350 $410 $420 $490
Maroondah $330 $375 $390 $440
Monash $320 $399 $420 $450
Whitehorse $330 $400 $400 $450
Yarra Ranges $295 $375 $370 $428
EMR $330 $400 $410 $450

Source: DHS (2021), Rental Report December Quarter 2020, viewed April 2021.
NOTE: EMR data is based on the median rent and the number of properties available.

Social Housing

Approximately 1,463 households nominated as living in social housing in the 2016 Census.  This is 2.4 per cent of all households in the municipality.

Table 3 summarises the number of social housing properties in the EMR and in other regions in 2016.  While the rate of social housing in Whitehorse is the second highest in the east, as a region the EMR has significantly less public housing than the other metropolitan regions – approximately 6.1 properties per 1,000 estimated residential population, compared with 11.2 and 8.4 for the north and west metropolitan, and southern metropolitan regions respectively.  This should not be considered a reflection of lack of demand; rather that supply levels are low.

Table 3: Social housing by LGA and Region
Boroondara 757 4.3
Knox 1,128 7.0
Manningham 261 2.1
Maroondah 1,047 9.1
Monash 1,434 7.4
Whitehorse 1,463 8.6
Yarra Ranges 577 3.7
Eastern Metropolitan
6,667 6.1
North and West
Metropolitan Region
23,076 11.2
Metropolitan Region
12,651 8.4

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Census of Population and Housing.  Rates based on ERP as at June 2016.

Housing Stress 

Households are generally accepted to be in ‘housing stress’ when they spend more than 30 per cent of their income on housing, particularly if they are in the lowest 40 per cent of income earners.  Housing such an outlay may affect their ability to meet other basic needs, particularly where they are in the lowest 40 per cent of income earners.

In Whitehorse the proportion of renters in housing stress has increased from 27.8 per cent in 2011, to 30.9 per cent in 2016, slightly higher than the Victorian average of 28.1 per cent.

Alternatively, Whitehorse has a similar percentage of mortgage holders in housing stress (11.1 per cent) when compared to Victoria (11.0 per cent).

Overall 11.8 per cent of households in Whitehorse are considered to be in housing stress.

Figure 2 Percentage of households in housing stress
Figure 2: Percentage of households in housing stress

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2017), Census of Population and Housing 2016.

These overall figures can mask the variation that exists within the municipality.  For example, rental housing stress is highest in Box Hill, accounting for 43.9 per cent of all renters.  This is followed by Burwood, with 43.6 per cent of renters.  Similarly mortgage stress is greatest in Box Hill and Burwood, accounting for 19.5 and 17.6 per cent of mortgagees respectively.

Figure 3 is a thematic map depicting where households are experiencing housing stress.  It is based on the 2016 Census.  The map shows high levels of housing stress around Box Hill (0 to 49.7 per cent in some areas) and high levels of stress around Burwood, East Burwood, parts of Nunawading, Mitcham and Forest Hill.

Figure 3 Households with housing costs 30% or more of household income
Figure 3: Households with housing costs 30% or more of household income

Source: ABS (2017), 2016 Census of Population and Housing, ‘City of Whitehorse, Housing Stress, accessed via Profile.ID, http://atlas.id.com.au/whitehorse.


In 2015 it was estimated that there were 4.6 homeless people in Whitehorse per 1,000 persons, compared to the Victorian average of 4.0 persons (Department of Health and Human Services, 2015 Local Government Area Profiles).


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